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New AAMC Report: A State-by-State Portrait of Physicians

Posted by Anonymous at 11/9/2017 8:31:31 AM

Physician Workforce Trends

New AAMC Report: A State-by-State Portrait of Physicians

 By Derek Klein

How many physicians are practicing in each state? Where does each state rank in terms of physician-to-population ratios? How many physicians are in residency and fellowship positions in each state? And how does each state fare in retaining the physicians they educate in medical schools and GME programs?

The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) addresses these questions in its biennial State Physician Workforce Data Report. The 2017 report is now available and provides state-specific data and rankings regarding active physicians and physicians in training in the United States, including counts of active physicians, medical students, and residents, age distribution, counts of International Medical Graduates (IMGs), and the current practice location of trainees who completed GME in the state.

According to the report, Massachusetts has the most physicians per population of any state, while Mississippi has the fewest.

The AAMC has responded to the growing physician shortage by a concerted effort to increase U.S. medical school enrollment, an effort that has succeeded. According to the AAMC, between the 2006–2007 and 2016–2017 academic years, the total number of students enrolled in medical schools increased by 32.8%. On a per capita basis, West Virginia has the highest medical school enrollment while Oregon has the lowest.

Unfortunately, the number of residency positions has only increased slightly in that time period. On a per capita basis, Massachusetts trains more physicians than any other state, while Alaska trains the fewest.

Physician supply in a given state is strongly influenced by the number of residents who train in the state and who subsequently join its workforce, so the ability to retain the medical residents trained in a given state is critical. According to the report, California is the most successful state in retaining its medical residents, while New Hampshire is the least successful.

The new AAMC Data Report is a great source of insight into physician workforce issues and is an essential tool for anyone recruiting physicians or interested in physician supply and demand trends. Readers can download the report here or I would be happy to forward a copy of the report to readers and I would welcome any comments you have about physician workforce trends in the United States.

Derek Klein is Corporate Communications Specialist with Merritt Hawkins, the nation’s leading physician search firm and a company of AMN Healthcare. He can be reached here.

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